Contact Form 7 allows you to insert a CAPTCHA into your contact form to prevent bots from submitting forms. Contact Form 7 utilizes Really Simple CAPTCHA as its officially-sanctioned CAPTCHA module, so you will need to install the Really Simple CAPTCHA plugin before you use CAPTCHA in your form.
The rest of this article will explain how to use CAPTCHA with Contact Form 7, based on the assumption that you have already installed Really Simple CAPTCHA.
Before using CAPTCHA
Really Simple CAPTCHA requires that GD and FreeType PHP libraries be installed on your server in order to create CAPTCHA images. If you are not certain if they are installed, ask your server administrator.
Contact Form 7 creates a temporary folder and stores any CAPTCHA files there. In most cases, the location of the temporary folder is wp-contents/uploads/wpcf7_captcha, but it can be different depending on your settings.
Open the Settings > Miscellaneous (Settings > Media if you use WordPress 3.0 or higher) menu, and check the setting for Store uploads in this folder field. The default is
wp-content/uploads. Normally, Contact Form 7 creates a
wpcf7_captcha folder in this location and uses it as the temporary folder for any CAPTCHA files.
This folder is created automatically, but sometimes it can fail. A possible cause for this is that the parent folder doesn’t have sufficient writing permissions. In such cases, you can change the permissions or create a folder manually.
You can also change the path of the temporary folder by setting the
WPCF7_CAPTCHA_TMP_DIR constant in your wp-config.php like this:
define( 'WPCF7_CAPTCHA_TMP_DIR', '/your/file/path' );
WPCF7_CAPTCHA_TMP_DIR is defined, this directory is used as the temporary folder instead.
Make certain your temporary folder for CAPTCHA files exists and is writable. Otherwise, CAPTCHA can not be created.
How to use CAPTCHA
To add a CAPTCHA into your contact form, you must utilize
captchar form tags.
captchac means CAPTCHA-Challenge and it represents an
<img> element for a CAPTCHA image.
captchar means CAPTCHA-Response and it represents an
<input type="text"> element for a response input field.
captchac tag must always be paired with a
captchar tag with the same name. For example, tags shown below are valid:
[captchac captcha-1] [captchar captcha-1]
But these are invalid because they have different names. In this case, the CAPTCHA and its response do not match:
[captchac captcha-2] [captchar captcha-3]
captchac means CAPTCHA-Challenge and it represents a CAPTCHA image (
<img> in HTML).
||Image size. Only
||Foreground color of the image. Put RGB color code in hex format after
||Background color of the image. Put RGB color code in hex format after
[captchac your-captcha size:s fg:#ffffff bg:#000000]
captchar means CAPTCHA-Response and it represents a response input field (
<input type="text"> in HTML).
||Field size and max length. You can omit one of them.|
[captchar your-captcha 40/100]
Note: This is a demo. This form doesn’t send a mail practically.
View source of above form:
1) Default Input this code: [captchac captcha-170] [captchar captcha-170 4/4] 2) Small size, inverted Input this code: [captchac captcha-778 size:s fg:#ffffff bg:#000000] [captchar captcha-778 4/4] 3) Large size, green text Input this code: [captchac captcha-118 size:l fg:#00ff00 bg:#ffffff] [captchar captcha-118 4/4] [submit "Send"]